Daniel Johnathan Gino: Optimal integration of municipal solid waste sorting facilities and waste to energy plants in Israel
As the human population grows and its economy develops, so do the dimensions of municipal waste. In the absence of proper care, its negative impact on public health and the environment intensifies. In the last decade, the Ministry of Environmental Protection has published strategic plans to manage national municipal waste. The main goal of the plans is to reduce the amount of waste transferred to landfills from 80% today to 20% by 2030. Meeting these goals lies in the design of waste sorting facilities and waste recovery facilities.
The study used a spatial cost-benefit model that covers the jurisdiction of the 255 local authorities. The model included direct and external costs of three types of sorting facilities and two types of energy recovery facilities from waste of different sizes. Waste basins were defined, and four scenarios were examined: 1. One stream – mixed waste, 2. two streams – dry, wet; 3. Three streams – dry, wet and mixed; 4. “Business as usual” mode. Scenario 2 was found to have the lowest cost.